Health & Safety Breaches

Never has it been more important to ensure your business has proper Health & Safety policies in place, risk assessments and working procedures to protect their own staff and all others.

The introduction of the Health and Safety Offences Definitive Guideline in February 2016 has seen a very significant increase in court fines and other penalties (including custody for individuals). These are not only imposed for offences involving fatalities, but also where there has been exposure to risk when no specific accident or injury has actually occurred. Such penalties can threaten the future viability of a business.

All business sectors are affected by this. In some sectors there are particular danger areas where a significant number of incidents have taken place. In the logistics and transport sector, for example, accidents involving forklift trucks, falls from height and pedestrians being struck by vehicles / trailers in warehouses and operating centres have occurred all too frequently.

"It shall be the duty of every employer to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare at work of all his employees."


Whilst organisations with lower turnovers are significantly affected, those with medium and large turnovers have felt a particularly stark impact from the new sentencing regime.

In the period 1975 to 2016 the courts imposed 32 fines in excess of £1M.

In 2014 no fines of £1M or more were imposed. In 2015 three such fines were imposed.

"persons not in his employment ... who may be affected thereby are not thereby exposed to risks to their health or safety."


After the new sentencing approach commenced in 2016 no less than 19 fines of £1M were imposed. Four of these were in excess of £3M, the largest being £5M.

Quite apart from the obvious consequences of an avoidable accident (fatalities or serious injury) an investigation and prosecution by the Health & Safety Executive can impact enormously on a business through:

  • the financial cost and stress of an invasive investigation
  • a debilitating court case
  • large fines (against which an organisation cannot insure)
  • significant prosecution and defence costs
  • loss of reputation
  • loss of contracts / inability to tender for new work
  • increased insurance costs
  • withdrawal of banking facilities.
Interventions by the Health & Safety Executive are not confined to prosecution. The Health and Safety (Fees) Regulations 2012 permit the HSE to require the payment of investigation fees where breaches are identified and are regarded as sufficiently serious.

In the event of an incident it is vital to take early advice. Even earlier advice can ensure the correct procedures are already in place to avoid breaches.

For advice and representation in relation to all regulatory-related matters please contact Tim Ridyard and Tim Norris in our specialist team.

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0333 220 9071

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